Tiêu chí ‘Coherence’ và ‘Cohesion’ trong IELTS Writing

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Coherence: tính mạch lạc (giữa ý nọ và ý kia), cohesion là tính liên kết (giữa cấp độ các câu). Có thể các bạn đã biết đây là một trong 4 tiêu chí chấm thi trong IELTS Writing test. Mình thấy đa phần các bạn học sinh đều hiểu rất mơ hồ về tiêu chí chấm này, nhiều bạn còn nghĩ rằng COHERENCE và COHESION là một. Mình quote lại nội dung mail trao đổi của mình với 1 giám khảo IELTS ở Trung quốc. Thầy đấy đã giải thích cụ thể 2 tiêu chí này. Mọi người lưu về để tham khảo nhé. Vô cùng có ích đấy.

Tiêu chí 'Coherence' và 'Cohesion' trong IELTS Writing

1) “Coherence” means, in general, “understandability”, especially how understandable your essay is as a whole, that is, as a logical argument to justify an opinion. To do this, you need to state your ideas clearly, organize your ideas logically and show examples where the reader might have trouble knowing exactly what you mean so that the reader feels he or she fully understands everything you are trying to express. (You don’t need examples of simple things – the reader is supposed to be an educated person, such as your university lecturer.)

If you make a lot of grammar and/or vocabulary errors, errors that are not just small errors but bad enough to make it difficult to understand your meaning, this will affect not only your grammar and vocabulary scores but also, to some extent, your coherence score.

And if you have no idea or very few ideas, it is difficult to write a very coherent answer. Erroneous ideas (such as misunderstanding the meaning of the question words) also damage the coherence of your answer.

2) “Cohesion” is an aspect of language that helps to make the language more coherent. Cohesion concerns the linkage of your ideas or, the language you use to link your sentences. Mostly, good cohesion is achieved by beginning sentences and paragraphs with certain “connecting words and phrases” such as. “On the other hand”. This linkage of ideas helps the ideas that you write “flow”, making them easier to follow.

Written by Ngọc Bách